It is mostly preferred in cases where fixed prostheses in the form of bridges cannot be made and implants are not possible due to multiple tooth deficiencies or inadequate dental support respectively.
Since it is supported by both the remaining teeth and the palate, the load on the teeth is less than the fixed prostheses. For this reason, in cases where dental support is poor, it should be preferred to ensure long-term use of the remaining teeth.
Since removable prostheses are considered by many people as acceptance of aging, they do not want to prefer them psychologically.
The most important advantages to the user is that they can be removed and cleaned whenever they want.
There are five types of removable prostheses according to the retainer system and prosthesis type:
1) Classic Partial Dentures:
They are prostheses that are attached to the teeth in the mouth directly or by coating these teeth for getting support from the teeth with crochets (hooks). The type made with metal infrastructure support is called modern prosthesis. They are popularly known as “hooked prostheses.”
2) Precision Attachment Prostheses:
In this type of prosthesis, porcelain crowns (coatings) are made on the teeth and attachments (holders) to which the prostheses are attached are placed in the continuation of these coatings. Movable prostheses are supported by these holders and remain in the mouth without moving. People who use it can remove it and clean it and reattach it at any time. Since the hooks are not visible, they are more preferred prostheses aesthetically. They are popularly known as “snap prostheses.”
3) Complete Dentures:
These are prostheses that are applied to patients with missing all natural teeth missing and receiving support from the toothless palate because there is no tooth. Although it can be used relatively accustomed to the upper jaw, it is really difficult to use in the lower jaw. They are popularly known as “palate prostheses”.
4) Immediate Prostheses:
These are temporary removable prostheses that are applied immediately after surgery to patients who will undergo implant treatment or who need to have all teeth removed.
5) Dental Prostheses:
They are removable prostheses that are applied to the teeth or roots that are thought to be extracted after a while, which are in the mouth, from the retaining knobs made on the teeth in the prosthesis. When viewed from the outside, it looks the same as full dentures.