Scaling And Root Planning

Regular tartar cleaning is an indispensable requirement for a healthy and sustainable oral health. At the same time, the first step of treatment in gum diseases is tartar cleaning.

It is the transformation of the initially soft plaque into tartar as a result of the precipitation of minerals in the saliva. Tartar formation is usually a condition related to saliva. Saliva normally washes and brightens the tooth surface, but when its consistency becomes denser due to some drugs, smoking, age and some diet varieties, the minerals in it tend to precipitate, triggering the formation of tartar over the soft deposits on the tooth.

Tartar cleaning can be done manually with the help of special hand tools or by vibration with a tool called scaler and devices that remove the tartar with the effect of water. Since tartar is attached to the tooth surface with acidic materials secreted by the bacteria in it, it disrupts the smooth structure of the tooth surface over time.

Contrary to popular belief, tartar cleaning does not harm the tooth surface. On the contrary, it is aimed to remove the deposits on the tooth surface and to obtain a smooth surface on the tooth and root surface with tartar cleaning. Dental calculus cleaning does not cause any damage to the tooth surface, and bone loss can be seen over time in cases where tartar cleaning is not performed for a long time.

Tartar accumulation occurs at different times in individuals. A general check is required every six months. These controls are important in terms of early detection and cleaning of the accumulated tartar and making determinations about general oral health.


In cases of periodontitis where tartar cleaning is not sufficient in gum diseases and it is more advanced, tartar accumulation goes under the gum along the root surface and causes destruction in both the bone and the gum. The way to prevent this deep cleaning under the gums. In the curing treatment, the deposits on the root surface are removed, while the melted surfaces on the gums are cleaned.

Curettage can be performed with special hand tools for root anatomy or with Er: YAG laser (hard tissue laser). Laser beams clean all foreign tissues and materials, and especially in individuals with root anatomies that prevent the healthy cleaning process, they reach the areas where the handpiece cannot reach and neutralize the microorganisms there.


In the advanced stages of gum disease, if there is an advanced bone loss, surgical procedures for the gum and bone may be required. The process of cleaning the infected bone tissues by opening the gums and treating them with biomaterials such as bone powders and membranes is called flap operation.

The current modern periodontology perspective no longer recommends interventional / surgical gum treatment techniques. Thanks to the WPT laser technology, in most cases of osteoporosis, major surgical procedures on the gums are not required. After the diseased area is cleaned with Er: YAG laser, the patient’s own blood can be confined in the form of a clot with Nd: YAG laser, and new tissue formation can be achieved biologically. Thanks to WPT laser technology, such bone resorption can be treated with the body’s own biology without the use of bone-forming materials.